The report on student performance released Tuesday by the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) includes a chapter about the role of families in helping children succeed.
It lists the following observations:
- In most countries and economies, students whose parents eat the main meal around the table with them at least once or twice a week are less likely than students of similar socio-economic status, but whose parents eat with them less often, to arrive late for school or skip classes or days of school, and to have a strong sense of belonging at school.
- Students whose parents work in occupations related to science, technology, engineering or mathematics tend to perform better in mathematics than other students of similar socio-economic status, but whose parents work in other fields.
- Students whose parents have high expectations for them - who expect them to earn a university degree and work in a professional or managerial capacity later on - tend to have more perseverance, greater intrinsic motivation to learn mathematics and more confidence in their own ability to learn and use mathematics than students of similar socio-economic status and performance in mathematics, but whose parents hold less ambitious expectations for them.
Those findings aren't particularly surprising, but there's more data and greater explanation in the chapter, which you can find here.
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